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Children rescued from flooded areas walk around in a relief camp in Banmankhi Purnea, September 1, 2008, Bihar, India. "Kosi" also called the sorrow of Bihar has an uncanny history of flooding annually due to natural and human reasons. The trans-border river between Nepal and India carries heavy siltation and makes barges and dams useless over a period of time, being a relatively young Himalayan river Kosi has not yet settled in one course and hence changes direction. Human efforts to stall this in the form of embarkments have been successfull for the past 45 years. The embarkement was breached on the 18th of August and the river shifted course, claiming lives and property. Bihar is also the poorest state of India with people living in extreme conditions. This tragic event has left them with no choice but to wait for relief from Government and NGO's. The rescue and relief operations are still just begining after 14 days of flooding.